Red Signature








1932: An invitation to a group exhibition that included Mącznik's works.



Invitations to four more exhibitions of cznik's works. 1932, 1939 and two others.

Galerie d'Art Jack in Nevers, France, took place in 1935. The exposition at the

Federation of Jewish Societies in Paris took place either 1932 or 1937.


There were also two exhibitions of the Salon des Indépendants that included

paintings by cznik. They included the following titled works:

1931: Près de la Fenêtre and Vue d'une Fenêtre; and,

1932: Paysage de Paris and Eglise Saint-Bernard, à Paris.



Mid-late 1937, Sandomierz, Poland

Jacob Mącznik (left) and Hersh Fenster (right). (The third man, in the center, is unknown.)

(photo courtesy Musée d'Art et Histoire du Judaïsme (Paris))

This photo was taken while Mącznik and Fenster were on their renowned, resistance art journey

to paint and to write about important synagogues of eastern Europe, many wooden, before they

were anticipated to be destroyed by the Nazis as part of the Holocaust during World War II.

This is described in the chapters about Macznik in the books by Fenster and by Chil Aronson.

Translations of the two chapters are available in five languages by clicking Literature.

It was also described contemporaneously in several newspapers.

Images of the folio synagogues may be seen here.



1938, Paris: party at the home of Léa and Hersh Fenster

  1. Ephraim Mandelbaum, the artist (husband of Rivka)
  2. Sophie/Zofia/Zoschka Gottfarstein (wife of the writer, translator and theater director, Joseph/Yoysef Gottfarstein)
  3. Zech Kanfer
  4. H. Tcharni (wife of Daniel Tcharni, the poet and journalist)
  5. Shmuelik Mandelbaum (son of Rivka and Ephraim)
  6. Hersh Fenster, the writer, art critic, etc. (husband of Léa)
  7. Khayaleh Fenster (daughter of Léa and Hersh)
  8. Léa Fenster (wife of Hersh)
  9. Sonia Mącznik (wife of Jacob)
  10. Rivka Mandelbaum (wife of Ephraim)
  11. Jacob Mącznik, the artist (husband of Sonia)
  12. Léon Weissberg, the artist
  13. unknown
  14. Arieh Merzer, the metal plate relief (repoussé) artist
  15. Shmuelik (unknown family name), from Sandomierz (Tsoizmer)



The above five images document Mącznik's deportation from France to Auschwitz. The first two documents are in French; they are from the convoy list of 28 October 1943 from Drancy. The middle image is a copy of the actual written message/transmission from the office of the Commander of the Security Police and the SD (the latter, the Sicherheitsdienst, being the intelligence agency of the SS and of the Nazi Party); it indicated departure of the train carrying 1000 Jews from the "departure station" in Paris (Bobigny, a northeastern suburb of Paris) toward Auschwitz at 10:30 am and was sent: to SS Lieutenant Colonel (Adolf) Eichmann at the main security office in Berlin, to the inspector (located in Oranienburg) of the so-called "concentration camps," and to SS Lieutenant Colonel (Rudolf) Hess as commandant of the camp at Auschwitz. The final two documents are the cover page and the page relevant to Mącznik (and to his wife) of the transport list. One can see that Stella Mącznik, his wife, was 5-6 years older than Jacob Mącznik; his occupation is listed as "art-painter," while hers might be translated as "tailor" or "dressmaker."

[Images courtesy Laura Vento and Suzanne Brown-Fleming of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, hereinafter LV, SBF and USHMM, respectively.]




Above a copy of the actual registration form of Mącznik at Auschwitz "concentration camp" (actually a mass murder camp). At the lower left hand corner, one can barely make out his faint signature, purportedly acknowledging the printed sentence above, that he has been advised that his punishment will be for document forgery if the above information is false. The form indicates much personal data (family members, address, occupation, etc.), and that his type or category of detention/imprisonment was "Protective Custody, Jew."

[Image courtesy LV, SBF and USHMM.]



Death certificate of Mącznik, issued by Colonel Bowring of the Central

Tracing Bureau in Frankfurt 28 December 1945, at the request of Mącznik's

brother Ben/Bendet/Beniek Moncznik/Mącznik (later, Munn).

The request was made 16 November 1945.

[That same day in November, by coincidence, Lieutenant-General

Sir Frederick E. Morgan, UNRRA Chief of Operations in Germany,

suggested that the Central Tracing Bureau be moved north to Arolsen.

The next month after this certificate was issued, the move was made to Arolsen,

where Colonel Bowring remained its Director until early-mid 1947.

It became the International Tracing Service 1 January 1948.]



A webpage from the Mauthausen Memorial, detailing particular dates of Mącznik's deportations.

Mącznik was murdered in the Ebensee division of the Mauthausen camp, in Austria, dying the 10th of May, 1945.



The cover and key page of an exhibition in Paris in 1955

of Jewish artists, dead/killed in deportation.

[Under Mącznik's name, the year of his deportation is incorrectly listed as 1945.]











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